Resources and Fact Sheets


Quick Facts

About South Asians in the US

  • There are over 4.3 million South Asians in the US.
  • Since 2000 the South Asian community as a whole grew 81% over a ten year period.
  • The four largest South Asian groups in America are the Indian, Pakistani, Bangladeshi, and Sri Lankan communities.

Where do South Asians in the US live?

  • South Asians live primarily in metropolitan areas on the East and West coasts. The metropolitan areas with the largest South Asian population are: New York/New Jersey, San Francisco Bay Area, Chicago, Los Angeles and the Washington DC Metro Area.
  • In New York City, the Indian, Pakistani, and Bangladeshi communities are among the six largest Asian American groups.
  • South Asians were also the fastest growing Asian group in California in 2000.
  • There are sizable emerging populations in various parts of the United States, including Houston, Atlanta, and Seattle.

Immigration Status, Naturalization, English Proficiency

  • Over three-quarters of the South Asian population is foreign-born
  • 30% of South Asians are naturalized
  • 45% of South Asians are not naturalized
  • Indians were the fastest growing undocumented community in the United States between 2000 and 2006
  • According to the 2000 US Census, 1/3 of South Asians living between 50%-125% of the poverty line are children. Nearly two-thirds of Bangladeshi seniors live below 200% of the poverty line
  • Limited English Proficient (LEP) denotes individuals whose ability to read, write, speak or understand English is rated less than “very well”. Nearly half of Bangladeshis, a third of Pakistanis and a quarter of Indians are LEP.