Resources and Fact Sheets


Quick Facts

About South Asians in the US

  • There are over 5.4 million South Asians in the US.
  • The South Asian American community grew roughly 40% between 2010 and 2017.
  • The four largest South Asian groups in America are the Indian, Pakistani, Bangladeshi, and Nepali communities.

Where do South Asians in the US live?

  • South Asians live primarily in metropolitan areas on the East and West coasts. The metropolitan areas with the largest South Asian population are: New York/New Jersey, San Francisco Bay Area, Chicago, Los Angeles and the Washington DC Metro Area.
  • In New York City, the Indian, Pakistani, and Bangladeshi communities are among the six largest Asian American groups.
  • South Asians were also the fastest growing Asian group in California in 2000.
  • There are sizable emerging populations in various parts of the United States, including Houston, Atlanta, and Seattle.

Immigration Status, Poverty, Naturalization, English Proficiency

  • Over 9.5% of green card recipients in FY 2017 were from South Asian countries.
  • As of 2017, there are 630,000 undocumented Indians alone in the United States, marking a 72% increase in undocumented Indians since 2010.
  • As of 2017, Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) has detained 3,013 South Asians comprising 2,376 Indians, 257 Bangladeshis, 211 Nepalis, 160 Pakistanis, 92 Sri Lankans, 9 Bhutanese.
  • Among South Asian Americans, Pakistanis (15.8%), Nepalis (23.9%), Bangladeshis (24.2%), and Bhutanese (33.3%) had the highest poverty rates.
  • Read more in the Demographic Snapshot of South Asians in the United States (2019)