Resources on Reproductive Injustice as Structural Hate Violence

SAALT launches new hate violence project

Hearing, Mapping, and Contextualizing: How South Asian, Muslim, Sikh, and South West Asian (SAMSSWA) Hate Violence Survivors Perceive Healing and Justice 

Our new approach to hate vio­lence, launched in 2022, is to enable the par­tic­i­pa­tion and lead­er­ship of hate vio­lence sur­vivors by think­ing out­side con­ven­tion­al par­a­digms of heal­ing and jus­tice, often tied to pol­i­cy and law enforce­ment. Instead, we will offer trans­for­ma­tive jus­tice (TJ) as a modal­i­ty of healing.

We will select 15 sur­vivors affect­ed by inter­per­son­al and struc­tur­al hate crimes—including but not lim­it­ed to ones dri­ven by racism, Islam­o­pho­bia, casteism, col­orism, gen­der, sex­u­al­i­ty, immi­gra­tion sta­tus, phys­i­cal and men­tal abil­i­ty, and a his­to­ry of carcerality—both at the hands of unknown attack­ers (e.g., gen­dered Islam­o­pho­bia, harass­ment and vio­lence in pub­lic spaces, van­dal­ism and prop­er­ty destruc­tion, and dox­ing and oth­er forms of dig­i­tal vio­lence) and at the hands of known attack­ers (e.g., gen­der-based and domes­tic vio­lence, child abuse, and insti­tu­tion­al dis­crim­i­na­tion in work­places, health and edu­ca­tion settings).

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SAALT launches new hate violence project

Hearing, Mapping, and Contextualizing: How South Asian, Muslim, Sikh, and South West Asian (SAMSSWA) Hate Violence Survivors Perceive Healing and Justice

Why a new approach to addressing hate violence?

Since our for­ma­tion in 2001, SAALT has his­tor­i­cal­ly approached our work around end­ing hate vio­lence as a pol­i­cy- and doc­u­men­ta­tion-dri­ven insti­tu­tion, mean­ing that our efforts have been focused on col­lect­ing data on hate vio­lence impact­ing our com­mu­ni­ty and advo­cat­ing for fed­er­al hate crime leg­is­la­tion to rec­og­nize and pros­e­cute per­pe­tra­tors of indi­vid­ual inci­dents. After two decades we face the real­i­ty that hate vio­lence against com­mu­ni­ties of col­or has not decreased. And, that is because the root caus­es of this vio­lence are tied to the very poli­cies of the gov­ern­ment from which we kept seek­ing recourse. As a result, we find it urgent and imper­a­tive to engage in a more direct, sur­vivor-cen­tered way that is not just short-term reform, but heal­ing and trans­for­ma­tive over the long-term. 

We are liv­ing in a water­shed moment, with great poten­tial for both hope and harm. Hate vio­lence has surged in America—from police bru­tal­i­ty against Black Amer­i­cans to the attacks tar­get­ing East Asian Amer­i­cans and those racial­ized as East Asian. Fight­ing hate vio­lence is vital—now more than ever—and the South Asian com­mu­ni­ty must build coali­tions with oth­er com­mu­ni­ties of color. 

Our new approach to hate vio­lence, launched in 2022, is to enable the par­tic­i­pa­tion and lead­er­ship of hate vio­lence sur­vivors by think­ing out­side con­ven­tion­al par­a­digms of heal­ing and jus­tice, often tied to pol­i­cy and law enforce­ment. Instead, we will offer trans­for­ma­tive jus­tice (TJ) as a modal­i­ty of heal­ing. We must be com­mit­ted to hon­or­ing and uplift­ing the inter­re­lat­ed prax­es of abo­li­tion and trans­for­ma­tive jus­tice in Black and Indige­nous com­mu­ni­ties as well as the lead­er­ship of BIPOC folks, many of whom iden­ti­fy as LGBTQI+, in shap­ing abo­li­tion and trans­for­ma­tive jus­tice over the cen­turies, includ­ing those at Project NIA, INCITE!, Bay Area Trans­for­ma­tive Jus­tice Col­lec­tive, Gen­er­a­tionFIVE, Cre­ative Inter­ven­tions, Inter­rupt­ing Crim­i­nal­iza­tion, and Sur­vived & Punished. 

Such prax­es and lead­er­ship arise from America’s very found­ing being premised upon—and defined by—hate vio­lence. The cre­ation and per­pet­u­a­tion of Amer­i­can sys­tems and insti­tu­tions were pred­i­cat­ed both on the dis­place­ment and geno­cide of Indige­nous peo­ple and the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade. Such sys­temic vio­lence root­ed in hatred thus formed the basis and roots of carcer­al ide­ol­o­gy, with racist xeno­pho­bia serv­ing as the pri­ma­ry sen­ti­ment. Trans­for­ma­tive jus­tice, with roots in end­ing child sex­u­al abuse, asks, as Mia Min­gus writes: “What kinds of com­mu­ni­ty infra­struc­ture can we cre­ate to sup­port more safe­ty, trans­paren­cy, sus­tain­abil­i­ty, care and con­nec­tion?” and “What do sur­vivors need?” We aspire to dis­cuss trans­for­ma­tive jus­tice with sur­vivors and then go to the next lev­el by active­ly visu­al­iz­ing a TJ-led com­mu­ni­ty, with the vir­tu­al hang­outs over food, work­shops, inter­views, and an in-per­son heal­ing ses­sion serv­ing as safe and pow­er­ful alter­na­tive out­lets of heal­ing, expres­sion, and needs.

Methodology

We will select 15 sur­vivors affect­ed by inter­per­son­al and struc­tur­al hate crimes—including but not lim­it­ed to ones dri­ven by racism, Islam­o­pho­bia, casteism, col­orism, gen­der, sex­u­al­i­ty, immi­gra­tion sta­tus, phys­i­cal and men­tal abil­i­ty, and a his­to­ry of carcerality—both at the hands of unknown attack­ers (e.g., gen­dered Islam­o­pho­bia, harass­ment and vio­lence in pub­lic spaces, van­dal­ism and prop­er­ty destruc­tion, and dox­ing and oth­er forms of dig­i­tal vio­lence) and at the hands of known attack­ers (e.g., gen­der-based and domes­tic vio­lence, child abuse, and insti­tu­tion­al dis­crim­i­na­tion in work­places, health and edu­ca­tion settings).

We are orga­niz­ing dis­cus­sions with our Nation­al Coali­tion of South Asian Orga­ni­za­tions (NCSO) part­ners and oth­er South Asian orga­ni­za­tions and indi­vid­u­als who direct­ly work with sur­vivors and learn­ing from their work, ask­ing them to col­lab­o­rate on the project as work­shop facil­i­ta­tors, and iden­ti­fy­ing sur­vivors in their net­works who would be eager and inspired to par­take in this project. By con­nect­ing and engag­ing in a rec­i­p­ro­cal rela­tion­ship with these orga­ni­za­tions, we hope to build with and uni­fy the NCSO and our larg­er community—another one of our project goals, as exhib­it­ed by the work­shop facil­i­ta­tors we will invite. 

Timeline

This project will have six mov­ing parts from Sep­tem­ber 2022 to August/September/October 2023 in the fol­low­ing order: 

  • (1) an ini­tial pre-inter­view between the Heal­ing & Jus­tice Researcher and the sur­vivors, 1:1, on form­ing rela­tion­ships, likes and dis­likes, etc., to estab­lish a rela­tion­ship filled with trust, mutu­al dig­ni­ty, reci­procity, agency, and familiarity
  • (2) an online demo­graph­ic ques­tion­naire that will allow our researcher to cre­ate small groups dur­ing the in-per­son heal­ing ses­sion based on answer and iden­ti­ty align­ment and to dis­ag­gre­gate the data
  • (3) six vir­tu­al hang­outs for the 15 sur­vivors to bond over food, to pre­emp­tive­ly set up the sur­vivor net­work that will sus­tain this project. The last vir­tu­al hang­out in August/September/October 2023 will serve as a reflec­tion ses­sion on the project and its process. 
  • (4) back-and-forth between 13 work­shops and (5) 10 1:1 semi-struc­tured inter­views with our researcher. These work­shops, which will also help build coali­tions by includ­ing speak­ers from with­in and beyond the NCSO (e.g., Sikh Coali­tion, Jen­ny Bhatt, Sur­vived & Pun­ished), will pro­vide the back­ground infor­ma­tion nec­es­sary to devel­op­ing sur­vivors’ informed per­spec­tives on hate crime leg­is­la­tion, restora­tive and trans­for­ma­tive jus­tice, police reform, etc. 
    • Two of these workshops—one, on what is heal­ing and two, on what is justice—will be survivor-led. 
    • Detailed, safe, and inno­v­a­tive inter­views will help iden­ti­fy per­spec­tives on the police, hate crime leg­is­la­tion, and alter­na­tives to the police such as trans­for­ma­tive and heal­ing jus­tice. They will explore access to heal­ing path­ways, such as pos­i­tive and mal­adap­tive cop­ing skills, com­mu­ni­ty sup­port, men­tal and phys­i­cal health ser­vices. Sur­vivors will offer their per­spec­tives on jus­tice, such as police involve­ment in their cas­es, access to resti­tu­tion struc­tures such as restora­tive jus­tice cir­cles and vic­tim-com­pen­sa­tion funds, and def­i­n­i­tions of fair­ness, safe­ty, and account­abil­i­ty. They will express their thoughts and needs on relat­ed issues such as gun con­trol, edu­ca­tion­al reform, food jus­tice, and eco­nom­ic security. 
    • Our Heal­ing and Jus­tice Researcher wrote the sur­vey and inter­view ques­tion­naires and con­sult­ed 50 schol­ars, orga­ni­za­tions, and heal­ing prac­ti­tion­ers (e.g., Restora­tive Jus­tice for Oak­land Youth, South Asian Sex­u­al and Men­tal Health Alliance, and Puni Kalra, founder of the Sikh Heal­ing Col­lec­tive fol­low­ing the Oak Creek shoot­ing) both inside and beyond the NCSO in the process for feed­back. An excerpt of the ques­tion­naires can be found here.
  • (6) We will hold an in-per­son week­end ses­sion in July 2023 to max­i­mize heal­ing. Sur­vivors will spend the first day engag­ing in activ­i­ties offered by our Somat­ics Con­sul­tant; cre­ate some­thing of their choice (e.g., a meal, song, dance, gar­den, cloth­ing); and close the day with activ­i­ties offered by our Heal­ing Jus­tice Con­sul­tant. The sec­ond day, sur­vivors will engage in activ­i­ties offered by our Somat­ics Con­sul­tant and a sto­ry­telling cir­cle facil­i­tat­ed by our Restora­tive Jus­tice Facil­i­ta­tor as well as map out a future world (What does it con­sist of? What makes it safe, fair, and just?) with the help of our Trans­for­ma­tive Jus­tice Facilitator.

Why now? 

We will har­ness the pow­er of speak­ing and lis­ten­ing. Greater infor­ma­tion, freer par­tic­i­pa­tion and informed analy­sis, par­tic­u­lar­ly in rela­tion to anti-Black racism in the US, will help us devel­op a shared lan­guage for change togeth­er with our NCSO and beyond. We will present our find­ings from the sur­veys and inter­views, and make rec­om­men­da­tions for com­mu­ni­ty-based advo­ca­cy orga­ni­za­tions, men­tal health and legal pro­fes­sion­als, TJ prac­ti­tion­ers, and gov­ern­ment offi­cials through a pub­lic, inter­ac­tive web­site with mul­ti­ple purposes—a toolk­it, mem­oir, report, doc­u­ment, and historiography. 

We will also be offer­ing the fol­low­ing ser­vices and com­pen­sa­tions: (1) an infor­ma­tion and informed con­sent form empha­siz­ing con­sent (i.e., vol­un­tary and selec­tive par­tic­i­pa­tion), con­fi­den­tial­i­ty, anonymi­ty, and full veto pow­er over writ­ten con­tent; (2) $2,500 com­pen­sa­tion to each sur­vivor as an expres­sion of our grat­i­tude for their time, com­mit­ment, and fullest selves; (3) indi­vid­ual and group coach­ing ses­sions with a Licensed Clin­i­cal Psy­chol­o­gist; (4) local­ized resource sheets (e.g., con­tacts to faith-based lead­ers); (5) somat­ic and heal­ing jus­tice activ­i­ties; (6) trans­la­tion and inter­pre­ta­tion sup­port; (7) a reflec­tion cir­cle and sur­vey on the process at the last vir­tu­al hang­out; and (8) a sur­vivor-led net­work out­liv­ing and out­last­ing the project. 

This project has numer­ous impli­ca­tions. Fol­low­ing the schol­ar­ly inter­est in and debate over the effi­ca­cy of Brazil and India’s all-women police sta­tions in address­ing gen­der-based vio­lence and lis­ten­ing to sur­vivors, our insights might well be extrap­o­lat­ed to the crim­i­nal jus­tice sys­tems of oth­er nations and inspire glob­al models. 

Hate vio­lence takes too many lives every day. We rec­og­nize the urgency of a response, and this project, with its demo­c­ra­t­ic ways of sto­ry­telling cen­tered on a just tran­si­tion, or “a vision-led, uni­fy­ing and place-based set of prin­ci­ples, process­es, and prac­tices that build eco­nom­ic and polit­i­cal pow­er to shift from an extrac­tive econ­o­my to a regen­er­a­tive economy”—is our contribution. 

This project will con­tribute to the trans­for­ma­tion of jus­tice for indi­vid­u­als and com­mu­ni­ties. It will expand the notion of jus­tice from sim­ply one sur­vivor going to the gov­ern­ment for help, to one where an entire soci­ety is deeply aware of struc­tur­al vio­lence and injus­tice, and open to form­ing new and more equi­table method­olo­gies and institutions. 

This mul­ti­lay­ered project will involve a rec­i­p­ro­cal rela­tion­ship with par­tic­i­pants, in which we will uncov­er our deep­est, truest selves. We will share our stories—the way in which we are sto­ried, unsto­ried and resto­ried. We will dream of rad­i­cal­ly new worlds. And through this indi­vid­ual and col­lec­tive work, we will devel­op a roadmap for rad­i­cal heal­ing and justice.

Ways to get involved

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SAALT Welcomes Khalid Jabara and Heather Heyer NO HATE Act

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE:

June 27, 2019 

WASHINGTON, D.C. –  SAALT wel­comes Sen­a­tor Richard Blu­men­thal (D‑CT) and Sen­a­tor Dick Durbin’s (D‑IL)  intro­duc­tion of the Khalid Jabara and Heather Hey­er NO HATE Act.  Rep­re­sen­ta­tives Don­ald Bey­er (D‑VA) and Pete Olson (R‑TX) intro­duced the com­pan­ion bill in the House. The bill — which pro­motes more accu­rate hate crimes data col­lec­tion and would pro­vide sup­port for hate crime vic­tims and their fam­i­lies — marks a major step in hate crimes legislation. 

Khalid Jabara was killed on his doorstep in Tul­sa, Okla­homa on August 12, 2016. One year lat­er, on the same day, Heather Hey­er was killed dur­ing a protest in Char­lottesville, Vir­ginia. Both deaths were pros­e­cut­ed as hate crimes, yet nei­ther were report­ed in offi­cial FBI hate crimes sta­tis­tics. Both killings were moti­vat­ed by white supremacy. 

A coali­tion of com­mu­ni­ty and civ­il rights orga­ni­za­tions have been work­ing close­ly with Khalid and Heather’s fam­i­lies to ensure that fam­i­lies do not have to endure the same pain they have endured.  The first step to achiev­ing this is under­stand­ing the sys­temic under­pin­nings of hate vio­lence and insti­tut­ing more effec­tive ways to man­date hate crime data col­lec­tion. Every lev­el of gov­ern­ment must be held account­able for address­ing the spike in hate vio­lence aimed at our com­mu­ni­ties. The Khalid Jabara and Heather Hey­er NO HATE Act can play an instru­men­tal role in lay­ing this ground­work,” said Lak­sh­mi Sri­daran, Inter­im Co-Exec­u­tive Direc­tor of South Asian Amer­i­cans Lead­ing Togeth­er (SAALT).  

SAALT has doc­u­ment­ed over 484 inci­dents of hate vio­lence against South Asian, Mus­lim, Sikh, Hin­du, Mid­dle East­ern, and Arab Amer­i­can com­mu­ni­ties around the coun­try since  Novem­ber 2015.  Read the lat­est hate report here

CONTACT: sophia@saalt.org

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Statement of Concern Regarding April 9 Congressional Hearing on Hate Crimes and White Nationalism

April 8, 2019

Dear Chair­man Nadler and Rank­ing Mem­ber Collins,

We write to share our con­cerns with you and mem­bers of the House Judi­cia­ry Com­mit­tee regard­ing the April 9 hear­ing on Hate Crimes and The Rise of White Nation­al­ism. We believe these are urgent issues and that Con­gress should be pay­ing close atten­tion, espe­cial­ly in light of the rise of hate crimes in the Unit­ed States and the role that domes­tic white nation­al­ist groups have here at home, and on a glob­al scale.

On Tues­day, April 9, Con­gress is hold­ing a hear­ing on hate vio­lence and white nation­al­ism.  Accord­ing to the announce­ment, the House Judi­cia­ry Com­mit­tee plans to “exam­ine hate crimes, the impact white nation­al­ist groups have on Amer­i­can com­mu­ni­ties and the spread of white iden­ti­ty ide­ol­o­gy.” We believe these are urgent issues and that Con­gress should be pay­ing close atten­tion, espe­cial­ly in light of the rise of hate crimes in the Unit­ed States and the role that domes­tic white nation­al­ist groups have here at home, and on a glob­al scale.

As orga­ni­za­tions work­ing with Mus­lim, South Asian, Sikh, and Arab com­mu­ni­ties, we are deeply aware of how hate vio­lence has become a per­va­sive issue affect­ing our com­mu­ni­ties and oth­er mar­gin­al­ized com­mu­ni­ties. We are heart­ened to know that the wit­ness list for Tuesday’s hear­ing includes Dr. Abu Sal­ha whose two Mus­lim daugh­ters and son-in-law were mur­dered in a bru­tal hate crime in Chapel Hill, North Car­oli­na in 2015.

How­ev­er, Tuesday’s hear­ing fails to com­pre­hen­sive­ly address the scope and mag­ni­tude of hate vio­lence that dis­pro­por­tion­ate­ly impacts Black, Mus­lim, Sikh, South Asian, and Arab Amer­i­can com­mu­ni­ties. Nor does the hear­ing uti­lize an oppor­tu­ni­ty  to unearth the com­plex moti­va­tions behind white nation­al­ism or its effects, includ­ing hate vio­lence. Apart from Dr. Abu Sal­ha, it is not sur­vivor-cen­tered, and the GOP wit­ness list includes sev­er­al indi­vid­u­als whose actions and insti­tu­tions have helped cat­alyze hate crimes, not abate them. For exam­ple, the wit­ness list includes Can­dace Owens, Direc­tor of Com­mu­ni­ca­tions at Turn­ing Point USA, who tweet­ed “LOL” after the Christchurch mas­sacre and who was list­ed as an inspi­ra­tion in the man­i­festo released by the white suprema­cist who is respon­si­ble for the mas­sacre of at least 50 Mus­lims in New Zealand. The list also includes Mor­ton Klein, pres­i­dent of the Zion­ist Orga­ni­za­tion of Amer­i­ca who used the slur “filthy Arabs” just last year. It is impor­tant that white nation­al­ism and white suprema­cy are not treat­ed as redeemable ideologies.

It is unfath­omable as to why wit­ness­es who espouse hate­ful posi­tions and rep­re­sent racist insti­tu­tions would be includ­ed giv­en their active dis­crim­i­na­tion  against Mus­lims and Arabs. Addi­tion­al­ly, the hear­ing does not  thor­ough­ly exam­ine  the var­i­ous and dom­i­nant strands of white nation­al­ism, includ­ing zion­ism; the con­nec­tion between polit­i­cal rhetoric, state poli­cies, and the rise in hate crimes; nor does it include sur­vivors who expe­ri­enced hate vio­lence since the 2016 elec­tion; or gov­ern­ment offi­cials who should be held account­able for how fed­er­al agen­cies and law enforce­ment enti­ties are active­ly address­ing white nation­al­ism and hate violence.

We demand that Con­gress hold sub­stan­tive hear­ings that cen­ter sur­vivors and that unequiv­o­cal­ly reject white nation­al­ism, white suprema­cy, Islam­o­pho­bia, racism, and hate vio­lence in all its forms. Sim­i­lar Con­gres­sion­al hear­ings have fall­en short of exam­in­ing the depth of white suprema­cist hate vio­lence and our com­mu­ni­ties con­tin­ue to pay the price. The 2017 FBI hate crimes sta­tis­tics revealed an increase in hate crimes for the third year in a row, a 17% increase from the pri­or year. This is an alarm­ing upward trend in hate crimes – now con­sis­tent­ly sur­pass­ing the spike imme­di­ate­ly after Sep­tem­ber 11, 2001. Sur­vivors of hate vio­lence and big­otry deserve hon­est inquiries and true jus­tice from their elect­ed offi­cials. Con­gress must hold sub­se­quent hear­ings that com­pre­hen­sive­ly con­front and address the pro­lif­er­a­tion of white suprema­cist and white nation­al­ist hate violence.

Signed,

Amer­i­can — Arab Anti-Dis­crim­i­na­tion Com­mit­tee (ADC)

Arab Amer­i­can Asso­ci­a­tion of New York (AAANY)

Arab Amer­i­can Bar Association

Arab Resource and Orga­niz­ing Cen­ter (AROC)

Asian/Pacific Islander Domes­tic Vio­lence Resource Project (API DVRP)

Cen­ter for Con­sti­tu­tion­al Rights (CCR)

Coun­cil on Amer­i­can-Islam­ic Rela­tions (CAIR)

DRUM — Desis Ris­ing Up & Moving

HEART Women & Girls

Jus­tice For Mus­lims Collective

Mus­lim Anti-Racism Collaborative

Mus­lim Social Jus­tice Initiative

Nation­al Net­work for Arab Amer­i­can Com­mu­ni­ties (NNAAC)

Nation­al Queer Asian Pacif­ic Islander Alliance (NQAPIA)

Project South

Sikh Coali­tion

South Asian Amer­i­cans Lead­ing Togeth­er (SAALT)

South Asian Work­ers’ Cen­ter Boston

The Part­ner­ship For The Advance­ment of New Amer­i­cans (PANA)

Unit­ed We Dream

Two years too long: Repeal the Muslim Ban

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
Jan­u­ary 27, 2019

Two years ago today, the Trump Admin­is­tra­tion announced its Mus­lim and refugee ban. From the ban to the mil­i­ta­riza­tion of the bor­der to restric­tions on asy­lum seek­ers, the Trump Administration’s racist poli­cies are tear­ing fam­i­lies apart. These racist poli­cies are enact­ed in an envi­ron­ment where xeno­pho­bic polit­i­cal rhetoric is all too frequent.

In SAALT’s 2018 report Com­mu­ni­ties on Fire, we found that one in five per­pe­tra­tors of hate vio­lence inci­dents ref­er­enced Pres­i­dent Trump, a Trump pol­i­cy, or a Trump cam­paign slo­gan. This data demon­strates a strong link between this admin­is­tra­tion’s anti-Mus­lim, anti-immi­grant rhetoric and hate vio­lence. We have doc­u­ment­ed over 300 inci­dents of hate vio­lence to date since Novem­ber 2016 aimed at South Asian, Mus­lim, Sikh, Hin­du, Mid­dle East­ern, and Arab Americans.

As we wel­come a new Con­gress and as the gov­ern­ment reopens, it is imper­a­tive that elect­ed offi­cials exer­cise their lead­er­ship to ter­mi­nate the Mus­lim Ban and ensure it is nev­er repli­cat­ed. SAALT sup­ports leg­isla­tive solu­tions that will at the very least block fund­ing to imple­ment the Mus­lim Ban, but ide­al­ly lim­it exec­u­tive author­i­ty to insti­tute dis­crim­i­na­to­ry bans in the future.

Two years of a Mus­lim Ban is two years too many.  This anniver­sary must be a call to action to Con­gress to use their pow­er to end this exam­ple of state-spon­sored dis­crim­i­na­tion and keep our com­mu­ni­ties and nation whole.

CONTACT: Sophia Qureshi, sophia@saalt.org

New FBI hate crimes statistics show disturbing surge in hate crimes

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE

Novem­ber 13th, 2018

Ear­li­er today, the FBI released its annu­al hate crimes sta­tis­tics report for 2017. The data, while a vast under­es­ti­mate of the vio­lence our com­mu­ni­ties face, con­tin­ues to show an increase in hate crimes for the third year in a row. The num­ber of hate crimes report­ed to the FBI in 2017 went up to 7,175 from 6,121 in 2016, rep­re­sent­ing a 17% increase, a sig­nif­i­cant jump from the five per­cent increase between 2015 and 2016. This is an alarm­ing upward trend of hate crimes – now con­sis­tent­ly sur­pass­ing the spike imme­di­ate­ly after Sep­tem­ber 11, 2001. The surge in hate crimes against Sikh and Arab Amer­i­cans, which rose by 243% and 100% respec­tive­ly since 2016 is par­tic­u­lar­ly dis­turb­ing. And, while the over­all num­ber of hate crimes tar­get­ing Mus­lim Amer­i­cans decreased by 11%, the 2017 total of 273 anti-Mus­lim hate crimes con­tin­ues to be a his­tor­i­cal­ly high num­ber. Since Novem­ber 2016, SAALT’s data on inci­dents of hate vio­lence aimed at South Asian, Mus­lim, Sikh, Hin­du, Mid­dle East­ern, and Arab Amer­i­cans show that over 80% of the doc­u­ment­ed inci­dents are moti­vat­ed by anti-Mus­lim sentiment.

Under­re­port­ing of hate crimes by local law enforce­ment agen­cies to the FBI remains a major prob­lem. Accord­ing to ProPublica’s “Doc­u­ment­ing Hate” project, thou­sands of local law enforce­ment agen­cies choose not to report hate crimes sta­tis­tics to the FBI at all; of those that do par­tic­i­pate, 88% report­ed zero hate crimes in 2016 close­ly mir­ror­ing the 87% who report­ed zero hate crimes in 2017. A sep­a­rate ProP­ub­li­ca inves­ti­ga­tion revealed that 120 fed­er­al agen­cies have not com­plied with man­dates to sub­mit hate crime data to the FBI. In fact, the FBI itself does not con­sis­tent­ly sub­mit the hate crimes it inves­ti­gates to its own data­base. We echo the con­cern shared by our part­ners at the Arab Amer­i­can Insti­tute, iden­ti­fy­ing glar­ing omis­sions from the 2017 hate crimes sta­tis­tics. In par­tic­u­lar, the fail­ure to include Srini­vas Kuchib­hot­la’s 2017 mur­der at the hands of a white suprema­cist in Olathe, Kansas. His killer, Adam Pur­in­ton, was con­vict­ed on a fed­er­al hate crimes charge ear­li­er this year.

The lack of polit­i­cal will on the part of the Depart­ment of Jus­tice to col­lect this crit­i­cal data com­bined with this administration’s flawed approach to under­stand­ing and address­ing hate crimes makes us all less safe and places a bur­den of data col­lec­tion on com­mu­ni­ties. Addi­tion­al­ly, this administration’s con­tin­ued refusal to acknowl­edge the grow­ing prob­lem of white suprema­cy ignores the pri­ma­ry moti­va­tion behind the vio­lence tar­get­ing our com­mu­ni­ties. The 2017 FBI data shows that of the over 6,000 hate crimes where the race of the offend­er was report­ed, over 50% of the per­pe­tra­tors were iden­ti­fied as white. SAALT’s data as illus­trat­ed in our 2018 report Com­mu­ni­ties on Fire report found that per­pe­tra­tors of hate vio­lence ref­er­enced Pres­i­dent Trump, a Trump admin­is­tra­tion pol­i­cy, or a Trump cam­paign slo­gan in one out of every five hate inci­dents doc­u­ment­ed. White suprema­cist vio­lence, fanned by the flames of racist rhetoric and poli­cies at the fed­er­al lev­el, has dev­as­tat­ed mar­gin­al­ized com­mu­ni­ties. Until this admin­is­tra­tion con­fronts this cri­sis, we will con­tin­ue to face a surge in hate crimes aimed at our communities.